22 March 2013

Issue no. 7: What the Egyptians did against the rulers' tyranny is the invention of popular resistance and put the title of "martyr"

Within the series resistance and globalization that are issued by The Land Center the seventh edition was published and it discusses the early history of the Egyptians in the resistance against tyranny and the paper outlines that the ancient Egyptian history has seen civil wars, religious or ethnic but in the bare minimum; because the Egyptian people wars were to defend against invaders, occupiers, the beginning of the Hyksos and ending with the Jews and the Zionists.


So we find this report dealing within its introduction with the idea of resistance at the ancient Egyptians time covering the role of Ptolemy in the Egyptian history using the Jews for the persecution of the Egyptians , and the Ptolemaic also approached to weakening the influence of the priests because they saw that the temples produce revolutions and according to Romanian state vision, they saw that Egypt is a basket of grain, so they left behind some military teams remaining to keep Egypt under military occupation of persecution, torture and restricting them regarding worshipping. It is strange that the Egyptians who invented the idea of martyrdom for the defense of their beliefs and their country against the Romanian state.
In the second paragraph of the report deals with resistance of the Egyptians in the Middle Ages, we find that the idea of resistance of the Egyptians is authentic concerning invasion due to the social contradiction that existed between the Egyptians and those occupiers and there were numerous revolts by the Egyptian public resistance in Upper Egypt and northern Egypt and also the Egyptian Copts have been carrying out a revolution after the another throughout the eighth century AD. At those times, the revolting literature emerged as incitement and resistance as in Ibn Hamaki's The Fashosh in the reign of Karakosh, Thousand Arabian Nights, and Ali the mercury stories and what happened with the Ottomans and the French and English so long ago and ferocity of resistance in defense of rights is a witness.
The report goes on in the third to the Egyptian revolution in 1919 in Upper and northern Egypt from various groups and ages so that the British channels resorted to the rhythm of massacres between demonstrators and protesters to halt this resistance. The report concludes with a revolution in the July 23, 1952 and the reforms undertaken like the agricultural reformation. The report deals with the degradations that the farmer had until after the July Revolution and receiving gains are slim and not what was desired. And the control of the importing and exporting Mafia in the seventies under the openness policy on the gains that must be obtained by the people of the October victory, regardless what is suffered by the people of this country at the time of the 1967 defeat.
The movements of the peasants started to appear since the nineties and announced the beginning of the resistance to send complaints and collect signatures to express what they endured and access to demonstrations and sit-ins in front of the headquarters of agricultural societies and that included incidents of violence. Although it differs among analysts about the size of peasant movements or effectiveness or continuity there is an agreed on view that it is an expression of poor peasants and agricultural workers, especially against injustice, tyranny and hunger.