24 March 2013

The Winds of Change In The World

Did the Egyptian Government Fail in Passing the Crisis?
Land Conflicts During the Year 2009: 151 farmers were killed, 899 were injured and 1204 were imprisoned

The Land Center issues its new report on the "winds of change in the world" where it reviews the aspects of the recent economic crisis and its relationship to the events of the 11th of September and the global food crisis in 2008, This section shows some of the new standards, which must be followed to move beyond the global economy and the current crisis without deteriorating human rights situations, and the most important of these was to tackle the underlying social, political, cultural and economic situations, laying a new foundation for reducing benefits of multinational companies, punish the corrupt, and improve human rights conditions in the world.

The report raises the application of Economic liberalization Policies in Egypt, as the report indicates that 48 million poor people are living in 1109 slums without services or economic and social care, and 45% of Egyptians live under the poverty line and earn less than a dollar a day in a time when the price of one kilo of meat for costs about 10 dollars, and 46% of the Egyptian families can not find enough food. The report pointed to some 3.5 million employees are corrupt out of 6 million government employees, and that there are 12 million Egyptians are homeless, which a million and a half of them live in the cemetery. About 39 billion pounds were wasted on the state treasury because of financial and administrative corruption.

A quarter of Egypt's population suffer from hypertension, 9 million Egyptians are infected with Hepatitis C, 10% of the population suffer from diabetes, 29% of Egyptian children are anemic patients with kidney failure and cancer who are increasing each year by about 100 thousand citizens, 26% of Egyptians are literate, 16% of Egyptian youth are addicted to drugs and 22% of the labor force in Egypt suffer from unemployment.

The report shows that farmers have sold an ardeb of corn this year with the amount of 200 pounds, while the price at last year's was 400 pounds. They also sold an ardeb of wheat this year at 270 pounds after the exchange rate was last year 380 pounds. The new prices were not sufficient to pay for land rental and the cost of agriculture.

Then the report reviews the crimes committed against the Egyptian people to sell its wealth, resources, land and companies in the largest looting of wealth incident in the history of our country.

The report shows the deteriorating conditions of peasants and agriculture, as the agricultural sector absorbs 27% of the total labor force in Egypt, 18.8% of GDP and contributes to the support of national income by about 20% of the total exports. Despite all of that, about 40 million farmers earn less than a dollar a day.

The report emphasizes the collapse of all infrastructure services in rural areas, unemployment rates in each rose by more than 60%, the low level of farmers living conditions, and the prevalence of crime, particularly crimes of theft and fraud by more than 85% compared to 1980. And low per capita health services both for the number of doctors or health units in the countryside, causing dangerous diseases like anemia and bilharzias to hit 2.5 million small rural children. And the lack of sanitation services in rural areas, as it was found that 21.7% of peasants rely on public sewers and 25.2% rely on septic tanks. In addition to the deteriorated educational conditions in rural areas and high illiteracy rates that went up to about 40% in cities, while increasing in the countryside to reach 61.3%. There is also the increasing rate of school dropouts, as rates of dropouts from primary schools reached more than 300 thousand children annually because of the increasing costs of the educational process, in addition to the deteriorating conditions of schools and teachers. Farmers also face the growing problems of shortage, contamination and inequality in the distribution of irrigation water, and the high prices of fertilizer, animal feed, pesticides and global markets, and the high value of the rents of agricultural land and real estate, tax, tillage and irrigation, in addition to the exacerbating problems of reclamation of new lands which have been stalled over the past years which led to the low average per capita of agricultural land for less than 0.2% acres, to a continuing problem in the defaulters to repay their debts from tenants and smallholders because of the high interest of loans and the continuing political revolving loans.

Then the report reviews some of the most important conflicts of agricultural land in 2009, which stood at (185) incident. The report confirmed that the main reasons were because of the conflict on the ownership of agricultural land that amounted to (34) incidents, the primacy of irrigation that amounted to (10) accidents, the boundaries between lands that amounted to (24) incidents, conflicts between brothers and relatives about lands that amounted to (24) incidents and conflict among neighbors that amounted to (93) incidents.

The focus of these conflicts was in some provinces including: Minya with (24) accidents, Sohag with (20) incidents, Qena with (19) incidents, Qalubiyya with (16) incidents, Fayoum and 6th of October with (15) incidents each, Giza and Behira with (12) accidents each, Dakahlia with (11) incidents, Assiut and Menoufiya with (9) incidents each, Gharbeya with (7) accidents, Beni Suef with (5) accidents, Sharqeya with (3) incidents, Aswan, Damietta, Kafr El-Sheikh, Suez and Ismailia with one incident each.

A variety of Egyptian newspapers have published these disputes as follows: Al Dustour (87) articles, Nahdet Misr (52) articles, Al Masry Al Youm (26) articles, Al-Ahram (8) articles, Al Masa'a (4) articles, Al Badeel, Al Shurouq and Al Osbo'a with two articles each, Rose Al-Youssef and Akhbar Al Hawadeth with one article each.

These incidents occurred during the year 2009 as follows: the month of September with (34) incidents, January with (30) incidents, December with (20) incidents, July with (19) incidents, August with (19) incidents, April with (15) incidents, February with (14) incidents, November with (10) incidents, March with (9) incidents, June with (7) accidents, October with (6) incidents and May with (2) incidents.

These violent disputes led to the death of (151) people, the injury of (899) people and the arrest of (1204) others.

The report finally reviews some recommendations to improve the conditions of the countryside.